Physiomac Physiotherapy

Clinical Resources

We decided to create this page as a useful educational tool for fellow clinicians and we hope it stimulates both thought and clinical discussion via our comments section at the bottom of the page.

There is a large body of literature in the field of orthopaedic and musculoskeletal conditions. Below are a list of resources and journal titles we have found to have been useful in practice and either of high research quality or well respected expert opinion. We believe that these articles will improve and support the practice of all levels of practitioner. We will aim to update this section on a regular basis to reflect the ever growing body of literature and therefore we advise this will always be a page that is a work in process!

Please note all of the content on this page is intended solely (unless otherwise instructed by our physiotherapists) for the use of qualified Allied Health Professionals, doctors registered with the GMC, and student physiotherapists/doctors. There is no intention to breach copyright regulations and we aim to provide accurate references and acknowledgment for any work completed that is not our own.

 (Last updated 10/2/2017)

Clinical Red Flags:

Deyo, R.A., Rainville, J. & Kent, D.L. (1992). What Can the History and Physical Examination Tell Us About Low Back Pain? JAM, 268(6): 760-765.

MSKEducation's channel. (2013). Red Flags for Back Pain.

Back Pain

Deyo, R.A., Rainville, J. & Kent, D.L. (1992). What Can the History and Physical Examination Tell Us About Low Back Pain? JAM, 268(6): 760-765.

MSKEducation's channel. (2013). Red Flags for Back Pain.

O’Sullivan, P. (2005). Diagnosis and classification of chronic low back pain disorders: Maladaptive movement and motor control impairments as underlying mechanism. Manual Therapy, 10(4): 242-255.

O’Sullivan, P. (2012). It's time for change with the management of non-specific chronic low back pain Br J Sports Med, 46(4): 224-227

O’Sullivan, P., Caneiro, J.P., O’Keefe, M. & O’Sullivan, K. (2016). Unraveling the Complexity of Low Back Pain. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physiotherapy, 46(11): 923-937.


Bisset, L.M. & Vicenzino, B. (2015). Physiotherapy management of lateral epicondylagia. Journal of Physiotherapy, 61: 174-181.


Dye, S.F. (2005). The Pathophysiology of Patellofemoral Pain: A Tissue Homeostasis Perspective.  Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research, 436: 100-110.

Frobell, B.R., Roos, E.M., Roos, P.H., Ranstam, J. & Lohmander, S. (2010). A Randomized Trial of Treatment for Acute Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears. N Engl J Med, 363: 331-342. (This is a link to an excellent patient guide on osteoarthritis)


Cook, J.L. & Purdam, C.R. (2009). Is tendon pathology a continuum? A pathology model to explain the clinical presentation of load-induced tendinopathy. British journal of sports medicine, 43(6), 409-416.

Cook, J.L. & Purdam, C.R. (2014). The challenge of managing tendinopathy in competing athletes. Br J Sports Med, 48:506-509.

Rio, E., Kidgell, D., Purdam, C., Gaida J., Moseley, G.L., Pearce, A.J. & Cook, J. (2015). Isometric exercise induces analgesia and reduces inhibition in patellar tendinopathyBr J Sports Med, 49: 1277-1283. (This is a link authored by Professor Jill Cook)

Shoulder Instability

Brownson, P., Donaldson, O., Fox, M., Rees, J. L., Rangan, A., Jaggi, A., Tytherleigh-Strong, G., McBernie, J., Thomas, M. & Kulkarni, R. (2015). BESS/BOA Patient Care Pathways

Traumatic anterior shoulder instability. Shoulder and Elbow, 7(3): 214-226.

Jaggi, A. & Lambert, S. (2010). Shoulder injuries in athletes Rehabilitation for shoulder instability. BJSM, 44: 333-340.

Frozen Shoulder

Lewis, J. (2015). Frozen shoulder contracture syndrome – Aetiology, diagnosis and management. Manual Therapy, 20(1): 2-9.

Sub-acromial Shoulder Pain

Holmgren,T.,  Hallgren, H.B., , Öberg, B., Adolfsson, L. & Johansson, K. (2012). Effect of specific exercise strategy on need for surgery in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome: randomised controlled study. BMJ, 344.

Kulkarni,R.,  Gibson, J., Brownson, P., Thomas,M.,  Rangan, A., Carr, A.J. & Rees, J.L. (2015). BESS/BOA Patient Care Pathways Subacromial shoulder pain. Shoulder and Elbow, 0(0): 1-9.

Lewis, J.S. (2012). A specific exercise program for patients with subacromial impingement syndrome can improve function and reduce the need for surgery. Clinical Appraisal. Journal of Physiotherapy, 58(12): 127.

Sport Science

Gabbett, T.J. (2016). The training-injury prevention paradox: should athletes be training smarter and harder? Br J Sports Med, 50:273–80.

Gabbett, T.J., Hulin, B,T., Blanch P, et al. (2016). High training workloads alone do not cause injuries: how you get there is the real issue. Br J Sports Med, 50: 444–5.

Pluim, B.M. & Drew, M.K. (2016). It’s not the destination, it’s the ‘road to load’ that matters: a tennis injury prevention perspective. Br J Sports Med, 50 (11).